Urban Planning - Smart and Sustainable Cities

Urbanization is a broad terminology describing the process through which rural, underdeveloped and undeveloped regions transition to major cities. Despite the rich history of urbanization, Doheim, Farag and Badawi (2019) noted that most urban centers have not yet attained the level necessary to satisfy all human needs. Urban areas are typified by an increase in population and infrastructure developments. Irrefutably, a huge proportion of the current global population lives in urban areas. This proportion is expected to grow by 68% over the next thirty years. Notably, the rise in population requires social, economic and environmental sustainability.

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