The American Sociological Association (ASA) style is a citation style that is used in the field of sociology. It is a parenthetical referencing style that adopts the author-date documentation system. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication are enclosed in parentheses after the quoted or paraphrased material. For example:

"The American Sociological Association (ASA) is a professional association that represents sociologists in the United States and around the world." (ASA, 2023)

The ASA style also includes a References page at the end of the paper, which lists all of the sources that were cited in the text. The References page is formatted alphabetically by the author's last name. For example:

American Sociological Association. (2023). ASA Style Guide. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association.

Here are some examples of how to cite different types of sources in ASA style:


Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

For example:
Smith, J. (2023). The Sociological Imagination. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Journal articles:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Journal Title, Volume Number(Issue Number), Pages.

For example:
Jones, J., Smith, J., & Williams, W. (2023). The effects of social media on political polarization. Social Science Quarterly, 104(1), 1-15.


Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of website. Retrieved from URL

For example:
American Sociological Association. (2023). ASA Style Guide. Retrieved from

The ASA style is a comprehensive and easy-to-use citation style that is ideal for sociological research papers. By following the guidelines above, you can ensure that your paper is properly formatted and that you are giving credit to the sources you have used. Our tutors can also help you with ASA style of referencing.