The Role of Mobility in Urbanization
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Today, more than 54% of the world’s population lives in cities, and the United Nations estimates that this will increase to 68% by 2050 (United Nations, 2018). With the overall population growth, environmental, social, and economic sustainability is a must to keep pace with the rapid expansion taxing the cities resources. Smart and sustainable cities refer to innovative cities in which ICTs and other means are used to improve the quality of life, competitiveness, and efficiency of urban operation and services while ensuring that the needs of the present and future generations are met concerning economic, social, environmental, and cultural aspects.