Greek History: Influential Figures of Ancient Greece

Geography and warfare shaped the Greek kingdoms in terms of farming, security, and interaction with the outside world. The hilly environment required that the Greeks raise animals and crops that suited in hilly terrain. At the same time, the climate included hot and dry summers and wet winters, which shaped the planting of grapes, wheat, barley, and olives. Animals farming largely included goats and sheep because of their resilience to survive harsh environments. The hilly landscape is closer to the sea, which supported fishing to supplement crop and livestock farming. The seas and inlets offered a rich fishing ground that allowed the Greeks to have surplus fish, which they exported.

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